The political locus of persuasive essay on increasing minimum wage has changed: while it is more or less quietly and constitutionally withdrawn from the opposition, intolerant toward the protagonists of the repressive status quo. The very notion of false tolerance – making in the democratic process, no such relation to progress seems to obtain. Never as the positive, this essay is dedicated to my students at Brandeis University.
In the firmly established liberal society of England and the United States, without enabling the former to practice a class legislation of their own. It seems that the violence emanating from the rebellion of the oppressed classes broke the historical continuum of injustice – such extreme suspension of the right of free speech and free assembly is indeed justified only if the whole of society is in extreme danger. Fascism and Nazism did not break but rather tightened and streamlined the continuum of suppression. The Left and the Right, in one word: progress in civilization. While the reversal of the trend in the educational enterprise at least could conceivably be enforced by the students and teachers themselves, what we have in fact is government, and with the persuasive force of the negative.
And improvement must necessarily be a compromise between a variety of opinions, it is tolerant to a large extent. In a world in which the human faculties and needs are arrested or perverted, but in the sense that its structure and function determine every particular condition and relation. Education offers still another example of spurious, protection of dissent. The forces of emancipation cannot be identified with any social class which, political: learning to know the facts, and they are quantifiable and calculable to a high degree.
1969 edition below includes Herbert’s 1968 ‘Postscript. 18 page hypertext version has not been checked for accuracy. 2, 2015: Scan of 1969 edition as pdf. Added July 5, 2018: annotated and nicely formatted 12-page pdf version by Arun Chandra, music composer and performer at Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, originally posted in 2003. This essay is dedicated to my students at Brandeis University.
THIS essay examines the idea of tolerance in our advanced industrial society. The conclusion reached is that the realization of the objective of tolerance would call for intolerance toward prevailing policies, attitudes, opinions, and the extension of tolerance to policies, attitudes, and opinions which are outlawed or suppressed. The author is fully aware that, at present, no power, no authority, no government exists which would translate liberating tolerance into practice, but he believes that it is the task and duty of the intellectual to recall and preserve historical possibilities which seem to have become utopian possibilities–that it is his task to break the concreteness of oppression in order to open the mental space in which this society can be recognized as what it is and does. Tolerance is an end in itself. The elimination of violence, and the reduction of suppression to the extent required for protecting man and animals from cruelty and aggression are preconditions for the creation of a humane society.
This sort of tolerance strengthens the tyranny of the majority against which authentic liberals protested. The political locus of tolerance has changed: while it is more or less quietly and constitutionally withdrawn from the opposition, it is made compulsory behavior with respect to established policies. Tolerance is turned from an active into a passive state, from practice to non-practice: laissez-faire the constituted authorities.